Antique Silver Chamberstick
Maker: Robert Garrard
An elegant antique sterling silver go to bed with plain classic styling. The matching candle snuffer and nozzle are detachable....
An elegant antique sterling silver go to bed with plain classic styling. The matching candle snuffer and nozzle are detachable. Hand engraved to the top of the thumb piece is a crest and motto. Weight 346 grams, 11.1 troy ounces. Height 11 cm (top of snuffer). Diameter 14.3 cm. London 1844. Maker Robert Garrard.
Literature. Silver chambersticks first made an appearance in the 17th century and early examples are now very hard to find. Originally they were made in sets as a household would need many chambersticks. They were used for lighting the way to bed and because of the movement created when they were carried about they needed a large drip pan to catch the wax. The earliest examples have straight handles (first flat, then tubular) which were superceded in the first part of the 18th century by a ring handle. Gradually the design evolved and from the mid 18th century onwards they usually had a matching conical snuffer although from about 1790 onwards some were made with an aperture at the base of the stem to take a pair of scissor snuffers.
The candlestick is in very good condition with no damage. The pan, snuffer and candle nozzle all have good matching and clear English silver marks. Completely original.
Maker: Robert Garrard
George Wickes (1698–1761), London silversmith, founded the business that was to become Garrard. Wickes entered his mark in 1722, moving to Panton Street off Haymarket in central London in 1735 as a goldsmith and provider of jewellery and other luxury items to aristocratic patrons. Wickes, an accomplished silversmith known for his work in the rococo style, gained the patronage of Frederick, Prince of Wales. Two apprentices of Wickes, John Parker and Edward Wakelin, purchased the business on Wickes’ retirement in 1760, replaced by John Wakelin and William Taylor in 1776. Following the death of William Taylor, Robert Garrard became a partner in 1792. Garrard took sole control of the business in 1802, with his sons Robert Garrard II, James and Sebastian succeeding him in running the company, trading as RJ & S Garrard (Robert Garrard & Brothers) until James’ retirement in 1835, when the company became R & S Garrard. The company remained in the hands of the Garrard family until the death of Sebastian Henry Garrard, great-grandson of Robert Garrard senior, in 1946. The name Garrard & Company Ltd was registered in 1909, and the company moved to new premises in Albemarle Street in central London in 1911. In 1843, Queen Victoria appointed Garrard to the position of Crown Jewellers, leading to the production of numerous pieces of silverware and jewellery for the Royal Family, as well as the upkeep of the Crown Jewels.
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